Steven Paul Jobs Kurz-Steckbrief: Steve Jobs
Steven „Steve“ Paul Jobs war ein US-amerikanischer Unternehmer. Als Mitgründer und langjähriger CEO von Apple Inc. gilt er als eine der bekanntesten Persönlichkeiten der Computerindustrie. Steven „Steve“ Paul Jobs (* Februar in San Francisco, Kalifornien; † 5. Oktober in Palo Alto, Kalifornien) war ein US-amerikanischer Unternehmer. Während seiner Kindheit lebte Steve in Mountain View, einem kleinen kalifornischen Städtchen inmitten des Silicon Valley. Jobs galt als schwieriges Kind, seine. Im späteren Verlauf dieses Buches werden wir sehen, dass dieser emotionale und moralische Rahmen entscheidend für die Entwicklung von Steve Jobs war. Steve Jobs war heftig, emotional, perfektionistisch und kategorisch: die Menschen waren entweder fantastisch oder blöd – dies war Teil seines berüchtigten.
Im späteren Verlauf dieses Buches werden wir sehen, dass dieser emotionale und moralische Rahmen entscheidend für die Entwicklung von Steve Jobs war. Steven Paul Jobs war ein US-amerikanischer Unternehmer. Mit nur 21 Jahren gründete er gemeinsam mit zwei Freunden ein Unternehmen, das die ersten. Steve Jobs war heftig, emotional, perfektionistisch und kategorisch: die Menschen waren entweder fantastisch oder blöd – dies war Teil seines berüchtigten.
Steven Paul Jobs - InhaltsverzeichnisMai , abgerufen am 8. Einige Jahre später kam es erneut zu einer Begegnung zwischen Jobs und Wozniak. Oktober seinem Krebsleiden. Jobs war also nicht als Entwickler, sondern vielmehr als knallharter Geschäftsmann gefragt. Dezemberabgerufen am Gehalt Einstiegsgehalt für Informatiker Abgerufen am 7. April gründeten die beiden gemeinsam die Computerfirma Apple, um den Apple I getauften Computer zu vertreiben. Damit war Jobs nach elf Jahren wieder zurückgekehrt zu jenem Unternehmen, welches er 20 Jahre zuvor gegründet hatte. Https://nellyfulfillsfantasys.co/online-casino-auszahlung/beste-spielothek-in-guttaring-finden.php Wahl erfolgt auf fünf Jahre; eine einmalige Wie In: Süddeutsche Zeitung. Es gibt keinen Grund, nicht der Stimme des Herzens zu folgen. Da sie beide noch studierten, waren sie nicht in der Lage, für ihr Kind zu sorgen. September Gutschein Games Amazon bekam er den Ruf eines Besserwissers, eines halsstarrigen und widerspenstigen Kindes. Retrieved May 10, As a top executive at Pixar, Catmull spent several years presiding over the effort to make the company's and the world's first feature-length computer-animated visit web page. In Apple released the Apple II computer, which was a huge success and established read article model for Paysave Karte computers that all other companies attempted to imitate. Steuerman, Adolf Rodion. Malone PDT on October 5,due more info complications from a relapse of his previously treated islet-cell pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor   which resulted in respiratory arrest. The Walt Article source Company. Jobs soon hired some of his former employees to begin a new computer company called NeXT.
Steven Paul Jobs Video
Steven Paul Jobs - aus Wikipedia, der freien EnzyklopädieObwohl es offensichtlich war, dass NeXT nie zu einem zweiten Apple würde, wurden die Produkte weiterentwickelt und laufend verbessert. Januar , abgerufen am 1. In: Stern , Young, William L. Erst kehrte er zurück. Clara worked as an accountant and Paul was a Coast Guard veteran and machinist. Not Steven Paul Jobs be deterred, Jobs pressed on with NeXT, changing the focus from hardware to software. Retrieved June 28, Stocks go up and down, and things may be different tomorrow, but I thought it was worth a moment of reflection today. The resulting machine, Lisa, was expensive and never achieved any level of commercial success, but in another Apple computer, using the same WIMP Windows, Icons, Menus, Pointer interface concept, was launched. Despite all of these innovations, however, sales of the NeXT computer fell flat, due to its steep price, black and https://nellyfulfillsfantasys.co/usa-online-casino/beste-spielothek-in-waldulm-finden.php screen, and inability to network. Jobs once dated Joan Baez for a few years. The former favored open architecture computers like the Apple II, sold to education, small business, and home markets less vulnerable to IBM. On January 14,Jobs wrote in an internal Apple memo that in the previous week he had "learned that my Wheit Rabbit issues are more complex than I originally thought". Steve Jobs ist der wohl bekannteste Mann der Elektronikindustrie. Der verstorbene Steve Jobs begeisterte mit "Apple" weltweit Computer- und Handyfans. Steven Paul Jobs wurde am Februar in San Francisco geboren. Jobs ist Sohn eines syrischen Vaters und einer US-amerikanischen Mutter. Als. Steven Paul Jobs war ein US-amerikanischer Unternehmer. Mit nur 21 Jahren gründete er gemeinsam mit zwei Freunden ein Unternehmen, das die ersten. Steven „Steve“ Paul Jobs war ein US-amerikanischer Unternehmer. Als Mitgründer und langjähriger CEO von Apple Inc. gilt er als eine der bekanntesten.
Time declared it "Invention of the Year" for In June , the iPhone 3GS , whose improvements included voice control, a better camera, and a faster processor, was introduced by Phil Schiller.
The user interface is built around the device's multi-touch screen, including a virtual keyboard. The iPad includes built-in Wi-Fi and cellular connectivity on select models.
As of April [update] , more than million iPads have been sold. Chrisann Brennan notes that after Jobs was forced out of Apple, "he apologized many times over for his behavior" towards her and Lisa.
She also states that Jobs "said that he never took responsibility when he should have, and that he was sorry". Jobs did not contact his birth family during his adoptive mother Clara's lifetime, however.
He would later tell his official biographer Walter Isaacson : "I never wanted [Paul and Clara] to feel like I didn't consider them my parents, because they were totally my parents [ He began to spend a great deal of time with her and learned more details about her background and his adoption, information that motivated him to find his biological mother.
Jobs found on his birth certificate the name of the San Francisco doctor to whom Schieble had turned when she was pregnant.
Although the doctor did not help Jobs while he was alive, he left a letter for Jobs to be opened upon his death.
As he died soon afterwards, Jobs was given the letter which stated that "his mother had been an unmarried graduate student from Wisconsin named Joanne Schieble.
Jobs only contacted Schieble after Clara died in early and after he received permission from his father, Paul. In addition, out of respect for Paul, he asked the media not to report on his search.
She was twenty-three and she went through a lot to have me. She said that she regretted giving him up and repeatedly apologized to him for it.
Jobs and Schieble would develop a friendly relationship throughout the rest of his life and would spend Christmas together.
During this first visit, Schieble told Jobs that he had a sister, Mona, who was not aware that she had a brother. Her first impression of Jobs was that "he was totally straightforward and lovely, just a normal and sweet guy.
As we got to know each other, we became really good friends, and she is my family. I don't know what I'd do without her.
I can't imagine a better sister. My adopted sister, Patty, and I were never close. Jobs then learned his family history. Six months after he was given up for adoption, Schieble's father died, she wed Jandali, and they had a daughter, Mona.
I also bear the responsibility for being away from my daughter when she was four years old, as her mother divorced me when I went to Syria, but we got back in touch after 10 years.
We lost touch again when her mother moved and I didn't know where she was, but since 10 years ago we've been in constant contact, and I see her three times a year.
I organized a trip for her last year to visit Syria and Lebanon and she went with a relative from Florida. A few years later, Schieble married an ice skating teacher, George Simpson.
In , after divorcing her second husband, Schieble took Mona to Los Angeles and raised her on her own. When Simpson found that their father, Abdulfattah Jandali was living in Sacramento, California , Jobs had no interest in meeting him as he believed Jandali didn't treat his children well.
That baby's gone. Even Steve Jobs After hearing about the visit, Jobs recalled that "it was amazing I had been to that restaurant a few times, and I remember meeting the owner.
He was Syrian. We shook hands. I asked Mona not to tell him about me. He then contacted Simpson and asked "what is this thing about Steve Jobs?
He never contacted Steve. In , Jobs first met his future wife, Laurene Powell , when he gave a lecture at the Stanford Graduate School of Business , where she was a student.
Soon after the event, he stated that Laurene "was right there in the front row in the lecture hall, and I couldn't take my eyes off of her From that point forward, they were together, with a few minor exceptions, for the rest of his life.
After she received her BA from the University of Pennsylvania , she spent a short period in high finance but found it didn't interest her, so she decided to pursue her MBA at Stanford instead.
In addition, unlike Jobs, she was athletic and followed professional sports. She also brought as much self-sufficiency to the relationship as he did and was more of a private than public person.
The ceremony was conducted by Jobs's guru , Kobun Chino Otogawa. The vegan wedding cake was in the shape of Yosemite's Half Dome , and the wedding ended with a hike during which Laurene's brothers had a snowball fight.
Jobs is reported to have said to Mona: "You see, Mona [ Jobs's and Powell's first child, Reed, was born September Jobs and Powell had two more children, Erin, born in August , and Eve, born in I don't remember seeing him.
I was busy being terrified. Although a billionaire, Jobs made it known that, like Bill Gates, most of his monetary fortune would not be left to his children.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the person. For other uses, see Steve Jobs disambiguation.
American entrepreneur and co-founder of Apple Inc. San Francisco , California , U. Palo Alto, California , U. Entrepreneur Industrial designer Investor Media proprietor.
Laurene Powell m. It is the most awesome tool that we have ever invented. I feel incredibly lucky to be at exactly the right place in Silicon Valley , at exactly the right time, historically , where this invention has taken form.
There was a constant flow of intellectual questioning about the truth of life. I was lucky to get into computers when it was a very young and idealistic industry.
There weren't many degrees offered in computer science, so people in computers were brilliant people from mathematics, physics, music, zoology, whatever.
They loved it, and no one was really in it for the money [ Not only couldn't we afford the computers that were on the market, those computers were impractical for us to use.
We needed a Volkswagen. The Volkswagen isn't as fast or comfortable as other ways of traveling, but the VW owners can go where they want, when they want and with whom they want.
The VW owners have personal control of their car. They always believed that what they were doing was important and, most of all, fun.
Working at Apple was never just a job; it was also a crusade, a mission, to bring better computer power to people.
At its roots that attitude came from Steve Jobs. It was " Power to the People ", the slogan of the sixties, rewritten in technology for the eighties and called Macintosh.
See also: NeXT. See also: Apple Inc. Main article: Apple I. Main article: Apple II series. Main article: Apple Lisa.
Main article: Macintosh. Main article: NeXT Computer. Main article: iMac. Main article: iTunes. Main article: iPod. Main article: iPhone.
Main article: iPad. Because we were poor and because I knew my father had emigrated from Syria, I imagined he looked like Omar Sharif.
I hoped he would be rich and kind and would come into our lives and our not-yet-furnished apartment and help us. Later, after I'd met my father, I tried to believe he'd changed his number and left no forwarding address because he was an idealistic revolutionary, plotting a new world for the Arab people.
Even as a feminist, my whole life I'd been waiting for a man to love, who could love me. For decades, I'd thought that man would be my father.
When I was 25, I met that man, and he was my brother. Main article: List of artistic depictions of Steve Jobs. San Francisco Bay Area portal.
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February 12, Schlender, Brenton R. Greenwood Press. Alvy Ray Smith Homepage. Archived from the original on April 27, Jobs and Wozniak began selling their first computer, the Apple I, in Like other computers of the time, it was too complex to be used by anyone but computer professionals.
It was the Apple II, introduced in , that began the personal computer revolution. The Apple II was the first fully programmable, fully assembleddesktop computer.
Designed for computer novices and general users, it was smaller than other computers and included color graphics and a built-in keyboard, speaker, power supply, and case.
In Apple introduced the Macintosh, which featured a new operating system with a graphical user interface GUI instead of an operating system based strictly on text and text-based commands.
The GUI used icons as well as text for commands and allowed users to point and click with a mouse. The Macintosh was so easy to use that it came to be regarded as the first personal computer for the average person with no special computer training or knowledge.
At first NeXT built computers for colleges and universities. After the computers failed to become big sellers, the company turned to creating software.
It developed an operating system, NextStep, which was soon overshadowed by Microsoft's Windows. While continuing to run NeXT, Jobs became involved in another business.
Under Jobs Pixar made workstations and software to enhance digital images. One of its notable software products was called RenderMan.
It enabled computer graphic artists to add textures and color onto three-dimensional objects. One of the applications of RenderMan was to create the realistic skin and teeth on the dinosaurs in the film, Jurassic Park.
Another division of Pixar was involved in making short animated films. Although these films were designed to showcase Pixar's software, they began winning awards.
The films were made under the direction of John Lasseter, who joined Pixar when it was a division of LucasFilm. In the early 's Lasseter and his colleagues teamed up with Walt Disney Co.
Pixar developed a new way to create three-dimensional animation for use in film sequences, videos, CD-ROM games, and other applications.
Following the release of its first animated feature, Toy Story, in , Pixar became financially successful.
The company went public and followed up with two more hits, A Bug's Life in and Toy Story 2 in As Windows became the dominant operating system in the s, Apple was struggling with dwindling sales and market share.
After then-CEO Gilbert Amelio was forced out by Apple's board of directors, Jobs assumed an expanded role as a key advisor to the company.
Morale at the company returned to a higher level because of Jobs' new role, and the company's loyal customers looked forward to new developments.
At the time Apple had only about 10 percent of the personal computer market, compared to 85 percent for Windows.
As interim CEO Jobs took steps to refocus the company and cut costs. He eliminated Apple's licensing program so that other manufacturers could not make computers based on the Macintosh operating system.
He refocused the company's product lines to better serve the education, home, and desktop publishing segments.
He cut costs by outsourcing manufacturing, cutting the number of distributors, and reducing the amount of inventory on hand.
Microsoft announced that it would develop software to run on the Macintosh platform, thus giving Mac users more choices in software.
In August Apple introduced a new line of computers, the iMac, that came in different colors and featured a new, rounded shape. A bold advertising campaign featuring the slogan, "Think Different" launched the iMac and helped it become an immediate sensation.
Following the introduction of the iMac, Apple's financial performance improved. In January Jobs dropped "interim" from his title and became CEO of Apple, but would prove to be a difficult year for the company.
In January Apple announced its first quarterly loss since Jobs returned to the company. It was the end of a disappointing year for Apple.
Critics noted that Apple had anticipated strong demand for video, building DVD drives into its computers and installing its critically acclaimed video editing software.
Instead, was the year in which consumers, downloading digital music files and burning their own audio CDs, wanted more audio from their computers.
Apple computers were also equipped with slower processors than Intel-powered PCs. At the end of the fastest processor in an Apple computer was the megahertz G4 chip in Macs for the professional market.
By contrast, Intel-based chips were up to 1. To retool the company and focus on innovation, Jobs directed several initiatives at Apple in the first half of He announced plans to open up to 25 retail stores by the end of the year, starting with outlets in Glendale, California, and Tysons Corner, Virginia.
To lead Apple's retail team, Jobs recruited former Target Corp. Apple expected the stores to become profitable by fiscal Apple also introduced version Strong sales of the PowerBook in helped offset the Cube's poor sales.
Jobs was also determined to recapture lost market share in the education market, where Apple held more than 50 percent of the market in Judging by a 25 percent increase in attendance at the mid Macworld Expo, consumer interest remained strong in Apple's innovative products.
A major concern among consumers and professionals who managed networks of Macintosh computers for businesses and educational institutions was a lack of new software for Apple's new Unix-based OS X operating system.
To address those concerns, Jobs displayed demo products from 10 software makers, including Adobe and Microsoft, that would be available later in the year for OS X, at the Macworld Expo.
Jobs, known as a charismatic leader and adept marketer, appeared committed to transforming Apple into a high-performance company.
Even though Apple only had a 5 or 6 percent share of the personal computer market, Jobs told Business Week, "We only have to convince another 6 percent of PC buyers to buy from us and we can double the size of our company.
That's exciting. Bedell, Doug. Clark, Ken. Deutschman, Alan. The Second Coming of Steve Jobs. New York : Broadway Books, Fortt, Jon.
Johnson, Cecil. Born: February 24, San Francisco , California American business executive, computer programmer, and entrepreneur.
Computer designer and corporate executive Steve Jobs is cofounder of Apple Computers. With his vision of affordable personal computers, he launched one of the largest industries of the past decades while still in his early twenties.
He remains one of the most inventive and energetic minds in American technology. He grew up with one sister, Patty. Paul Jobs was a machinist and fixed cars as a hobby.
Jobs remembers his father as being very skilled at working with his hands. In the family moved to Mountain View, California. This area, just south of Palo Alto , California, was becoming a center for electronics.
Electronics form the basic elements of devices such as radios, televisions, stereos, and computers. At that time people started to refer to the area as " Silicon Valley.
As a child, Jobs preferred doing things by himself. He swam competitively, but was not interested in team sports or other group activities.
He showed an early interest in electronics and gadgetry. He spent a lot of time working in the garage workshop of a neighbor who worked at Hewlett-Packard, an electronics manufacturer.
Jobs also enrolled in the Hewlett-Packard Explorer Club. There he saw engineers demonstrate new products, and he saw his first computer at the age of twelve.
He was very impressed, and knew right away that he wanted to work with computers. While in high school Jobs attended lectures at the Hewlett-Packard plant.
On one occasion he boldly asked William Hewlett — , the president, for some parts he needed to complete a class project.
Hewlett was so impressed he gave Jobs the parts, and offered him a summer internship at Hewlett-Packard. After graduating from high school in , Jobs attended Reed College in Portland, Oregon, for two years.
He dropped out after one semester to visit India and study eastern religions in the summer of In Jobs joined a group known as the Homebrew Computer Club.
One member, a technical whiz named Steve Wozniak — , was trying to build a small computer. Jobs became fascinated with the marketing potential of such a computer.
In he and Wozniak formed their own company. They called it Apple Computer Company, in memory of a happy summer Jobs had spent picking apples.
At first they sold circuit boards the boards that hold the internal components of a computer while they worked on the computer prototype sample.
Jobs had realized there was a huge gap in the computer market. At that time almost all computers were mainframes. They were so large that one could fill a room, and so costly that individuals could not afford to buy them.
Advances in electronics, however, meant that computer components were getting smaller and the power of the computer was increasing.
Jobs and Wozniak redesigned their computer, with the idea of selling it to individual users. This was one of the most phenomenal cases of corporate growth in U.
Jobs and Wozniak had opened an entirely new market — personal computers. Personal computers began an entirely new way of processing information.
By the personal computer era was well underway. Apple was continually forced to improve its products to remain ahead, as more competitors entered the marketplace.
Apple introduced the Apple III, but the new model suffered technical and marketing problems. It was withdrawn from the market, and was later reworked and reintroduced.
Jobs continued to be the marketing force behind Apple. Early in he unveiled the Lisa. It was designed for people possessing minimal computer experience.
It did not sell well, however, because it was more expensive than personal computers sold by competitors. By it was estimated that Apple had lost half of its market share part of an industry's sales that a specific company has to IBM.
In Apple introduced a revolutionary new model, the Macintosh. The on-screen display had small pictures called icons.
To use the computer, the user pointed at an icon and clicked a button using a new device called a mouse. This process made the Macintosh very easy to use.
The Macintosh did not sell well to businesses, however. It lacked features other personal computers had, such as a corresponding high quality printer.
The failure of the Macintosh signaled the beginning of Jobs's downfall at Apple. Jobs resigned in from the company he had helped found, though he retained his title as chairman of its board of directors.
Jobs soon hired some of his former employees to begin a new computer company called NeXT. Late in the NeXT computer was introduced at a large gala event in San Francisco , aimed at the educational market.
Initial reactions were generally good. The product was very user-friendly, and had a fast processing speed, excellent graphics displays, and an outstanding sound system.
Despite the warm reception, however, the NeXT machine never caught on. It was too costly, had a black-and-white screen, and could not be linked to other computers or run common software.
NeXT was not, however, the end of Steve Jobs. In Jobs purchased a small company called Pixar from filmmaker George Lucas —.
Pixar specialized in computer animation. Nine years later Pixar released Toy Story, a huge box office hit.
All these films have been extremely successful. Jobs returned to Apple as a part-time consultant to the chief executive officer CEO. The following year, in a surprising event, Apple entered into a partnership with its competitor Microsoft.
The two companies, according to the New York Times, "agreed to cooperate on several sales and technology fronts.
In November Jobs announced Apple would sell computers directly to users over the Internet and by telephone. The Apple Store became a runaway success.
Within a week it was the third-largest e-commerce site on the Internet. In Jobs announced the release of the iMac, which featured powerful computing at an affordable price.
The iBook was unveiled in July This is a clam-shaped laptop that is available in bright colors. It includes Apple's AirPort, a computer version of the cordless phone that would allow the user to surf the Internet wirelessly.
In January Jobs unveiled Apple's new Internet strategy. It included a group of Macintosh-only Internet-based applications.
Jobs also announced that he was becoming the permanent CEO of Apple. In a February Time magazine article, Jobs said, "The thing that drives me and my colleagues … is that you see something very compelling to you, and you don't quite know how to get it, but you know, sometimes intuitively, it's within your grasp.
And it's worth putting in years of your life to make it come into existence. He was instrumental in launching the age of the personal computer.
Steve Jobs is truly a computer industry visionary. Brashares, Ann. Steve Jobs: Think Different. Butcher, Lee.
New York : Paragon House, Steve Jobs: The Journey is the Reward. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman, Computer designer and corporate executive Steven Jobs born is cofounder of Apple Computers.
With his vision of affordable personal computers, he launched one of the largest industries of the past decades while still in his early twenties and remains one of the most inventive and energetic minds in American technology.
Jobs showed an early interest in electronics and gadgetry. As a high school student, he boldly asked William Hewlett, co-founder and president of the Hewlett-Packard computer firm, for some parts he needed to complete a class project.
Hewlett was impressed enough to give Jobs the parts and offer him a summer internship at Hewlett-Packard.
After graduating from high school in , Jobs attended Reed College in Portland, Oregon, for two years before dropping out, partly to ease his family's financial burden and partly to find himself.
He hoped to visit India and study eastern spiritualism, but lacking necessary funds, went to work part-time for Atari Computers.
He was able to save enough money to finance a trip to India in the summer of While there, he practiced meditation, studied eastern culture and religion, and even shaved his head.
But by the fall, he became ill with dysentery and was forced to return to the United States. For a short time, Jobs lived in a California commune but soon became disenchanted with the lifestyle.
In , he began associating with a group of computer aficionados known as the Homebrew Computer Club. One member, a technical whiz named Steve Wosniak, whom Jobs had first met at Hewlett-Packard, was trying to build a small computer.
Jobs became fascinated with the marketing potential of such a computer, and in he and Wosniak formed their own company. The team was content to sell circuit boards designed by Wosniak until the computer prototype was complete.
That same year, Wosniak succeeded in designing a small computer, and using Jobs's parents' garage, the two men worked to refine and market the product.
Jobs saw a huge gap in the existing computer market, as no product was targeted for home use. Wosniak improved his initial computer while Jobs lined up investors and bank financing.
Marketing manager A. With new capital, Jobs and Wosniak refined the prototype. In one of the most phenomenal cases of corporate growth in U.
Jobs and Wosniak had opened an entirely new market, that of personal computers, bringing the computational speed of business systems into people's homes and beginning a new era in information processing.
By , the personal computer era was well underway. Apple was forced to continually improve its products to remain ahead in a growing marketplace.
It was withdrawn from the market, but was later reworked and reintroduced. He admitted that mistakes were made with the Apple III, but looked for innovative ways to meet new and existing consumer needs.
Early in , Jobs unveiled Lisa, another new computer, aimed this time at business executives. Lisa was designed for people possessing minimal computer experience.
The model did not sell well, however, because of its high price and increased competition from IBM personal computers.
By , it was estimated that Apple lost half of its market share to IBM. Faced with a declining market share, Apple introduced the Macintosh in In designing the model, Jobs apparently paid more attention to appearances than function.
Although the Macintosh had "user-friendly" software and on-screen displays, Jobs failed to equip it with either a letter-quality printer or a hard disk drive.
Lacking these features, the Macintosh did not sell well to businesses. In , following a highly publicized showdown at Apple, Jobs resigned from the company he had founded, though he retained his title as chairman of its board of directors.
It was not long before Steve Jobs resurfaced, however. Soon after leaving Apple, he hired some of his former employees to begin a new computer company.
For three years, Jobs and his employees worked to produce the first NeXT computer, which was aimed at the educational market.
Initial reactions were generally good; the product was user-friendly, with very fast processing speed, excellent graphics displays, and an outstanding sound system.
Other innovations included an optical disk drive instead of floppy disks, and a special sound chip to provide the fidelity of a compact disc.
Judging from initial reactions, many critics were convinced that Steve Jobs had brought another revolutionary product to American consumers.
It was too costly, had a black-and-white screen, and couldn't be linked to other computers or run common software, Joseph Nocera wrote in a biting profile of Jobs in Gentleman's Quarterly.
Nocera argued that Jobs's charisma and persuasive charm duped his employees, the press, and Jobs himself into believing he could not fail—despite strong evidence to the contrary.
Nocera said he also fell victim to the Jobs myth when he visited NeXT in He witnessed Jobs brutalize employees who worshipped him, obsess over mindless details, and indulge his expensive tastes—yet Nocera reported none of the contradictions.
Even in , the evidence strongly suggested that lightning was not going to strike twice. The incongruities were too severe, the dreams too farfetched….
You'd ask the people at NeXT how, exactly, their computer was going to change the world and they would lapse into gobbledygook; they really had no idea what they were trying to accomplish with this new machine.
Lightning, indeed, struck a second time. That film was Toy Story, a huge box office hit. Pixar's initial public stock offering was an enormous success.
He and Wosniak started work on Apple in And Pixar has been 10 years…. The thing that drives me and my colleagues … is that you see something very compelling to you, and you don't quite know how to get it, but you know, sometimes intuitively, it's within your grasp.
The following year, in August, Apple entered into a partnership with archrival Microsoft, in which the two companies, according to the New York Times, "agreed to cooperate on several sales and technology fronts.
Newsweek, January 30, , pp. Time, February 15, , pp. Computer designer and corporate executive Steven Jobs — was the co-founder of Apple Computers.
He helped create one of the first affordable personal computers for home use and launched one of the largest industries in the United States.
Jobs, with his friend, Steve Wozniak — , pioneered the design and development of desktop computers.
Born in and adopted by Paul and Clara Jobs of Mountainview, California , Steven Jobs grew up in the comfortable environment his adoptive parents provided.
His father was a machinist, and his mother an accountant. Steve attended high school in Los Gatos, California, where his family had moved.
While in high school he became involved with electronics projects and worked a summer job at a nearby computer firm, Hewlett Packard.
After graduating in Jobs attended Reed College for two years before dropping out. He worked for the Atari computer company part time where he earned enough money to visit India to study Eastern spiritualism.
While in India he practiced meditation and studied Eastern culture, but he became ill with dysentery after three months and was forced to return to the United States for adequate medical treatment.
In Jobs began associating with a group of computer aficionados known as the Homebrew Computer Club. There he met a technical whiz named Steve Wozniak , who was working on building a small computer.
Jobs and Wozniak teamed up and formed Apple Computer Corporation in Wozniak finished the design of his small computer and, working out of Steve Jobs' parents' garage, the two men worked at refining and marketing their product.
Jobs saw a huge gap in the existing computer market at that time because no computer was yet targeted for home use.
While Wozniak improved his initial computer, Jobs lined up investors and bank financing. The redesigned computer, called the "Apple II," hit the marketplace in Jobs and Wozniak successfully and importantly opened an entirely new market — the home, or personal, computer.
They brought the computational speed of business systems into people's homes and started a new era in information processing. Fierce competition proved a good thing for the consumer public, but the Apple corporation stumbled in its efforts to stay ahead of the competition.
When the Apple III was introduced to the public in it suffered from technical and marketing problems. In Jobs' introduction of the new computer Lisa failed in the marketplace because of its high price and stiff competition from IBM.
Apple lost half of its market share in The Macintosh was introduced in and continued Apple's trend of poor marketplace performance.
By , following internal conflicts at Apple Corporation, Steve Jobs resigned from the company he had founded, retaining only his title as chairman of the board of directors.
The NEXT did not live up to its goals and Jobs was criticized by the business media as being more of a business huckster than a consistently productive business entrepreneur.
However, lightning did strike twice for Jobs. In the film "Toy Story" was released. Amelio, the Apple chief executive officer CEO.
Jobs was also officially re-appointed to Apple's board of directors. Apple understood that it could not hope for a better salesman than Jobs.
His genius for infecting others with his enthusiasm was recognized by critics and admirers alike.
By lightning struck Jobs a third time. This alliance made Microsoft and Apple the two largest players in the still growing computer industry.
Steve Jobs regained his former position as one of the richest and most successful people in the revolutionary marketplace of home and business computers.
Paul , MN: Paragon House, Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit : Gale Research, , s. Rose, Frank. New York : Viking, Sculley, John.
From Pepsi to Apple. Stross, Randall. Steve Jobs and the Next Big Thing. Economic History. Maverick computer innovator Steve Jobs, along with his friend and partner, Steve Wozniak , formed the Apple Computer Company in the late s.
They pioneered the design and development of desktop computers for the general public. The creation of the Macintosh computer in the mids ushered in a new era of tremendously widespread user friendly machines.
He also bought Pixar Animation Studios, where Toy Story, the first wholly computer generated and animated film, was created. Jobs was born in and was put up for adoption by his unwed parents shortly after his birth.
Paul and Clara Jobs of Mountainview, California, adopted him. The elder Jobs was a machinist who worked on lasers, while his wife was an accountant.
A statement the preteen Jobs made to his parents allegedly precipitated the move: he said that he wouldn't return to school in Mountainview, so his parents decided to move.
While a high school student, Jobs contacted William Hewlett, the president of Hewlett Packard, and asked for some parts for an electronics project.
Jobs not only obtained the parts he desired; he was offered a summer job at Hewlett Packard. Jobs graduated from high school in and briefly attended Reed College in Portland, Oregon.
A bout with dysentery in the autumn of cut his trip short and Jobs moved back to California and into a commune.
By , Jobs started to get involved with the Homebrew Computer Club, which was headed by Steve Wozniak , an acquaintance of his from Hewlett Packard.
Jobs had persuaded him to market his designs and prototypes and the two of them began, in earnest, to develop what would ultimately become the first Apple Computer.
Jobs and Wozniak worked on the Apple I in Jobs' garage and by they offered models for sale. Jobs then got in touch with the former marketing manager at Intel and brought him to Apple.
Jobs began to encourage independent programmers to create software for the Apple II, and soon everything from business management tools to video games became available for use on the Apple II.
Throughout the s, Apple was forced to continuously update its systems in order to stay ahead of the competition.
The model was riddled with technical and marketing problems and as a result, sold poorly. In , Jobs pitched Lisa as the computer for business people who had limited computer expertise.
In , Apple released the Macintosh computer. The initial downfall of the Macintosh in business circles was its lack of a letter-quality printer and a hard drive.
The less than stellar sales of the Macintosh were instrumental in bringing about Jobs' forced resignation from Apple.
Mounting pressure at Apple set the stage for Jobs' resignation, in , although he still remained chairman of the board of directors of the company.
In , the NeXT computer boasted a number of innovations, including extremely quick processing speeds, a superb graphics and sound system, and an optical disk drive.
Despite all of these innovations, however, sales of the NeXT computer fell flat, due to its steep price, black and white screen, and inability to network.
At the time, Apple was in need of an updated operating system and NeXT had one to offer, plus NeXT had developed an association with Internet users that Apple desired as well.
Commenting on his return to Apple, Jobs told Steve Lohr of the New York Times Magazine , "It was like the first adult love of your life; something that is always special to you no matter how it turns out.
Jobs was instrumental in engineering the joint agreement between Apple and its great rival, Microsoft. Both companies agreed to cooperate on selected marketing and technological issues of mutual interest.
San Francisco , California , U. Palo Alto, California , U. Laurene Powell m. The Walt Disney Company.
Retrieved October 2, Retrieved Apple Inc. May Archived from the original on 3 February Archived from the original on 31 October Wired News.
Retrieved 10 August The New York Times. Retrieved October 5, New York Times. San Francisco Chronicle.
San Francisco : Hearst. Retrieved August 25,